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Southern Morning Worship Nov 6th Anglia Parish Communion Dec 4th Southern Sung Mass Dec 11th Director not stated Anglia Dec 18th Southern Christmas Eucharist Dec 25th 11am Of course on other Christmas Days a religious service was also broadcast The service continued to begin at 11am, but on Jan 1st it was concluded at Commemorative Service at Clement Danes London. ABC Feb 26th ABC Mar 12th Southern - this was followed Southern Low Mass May 28th ABC June 11th Anglia June 18th Open Air Meeting July 2nd ABC July 16th A service specially prepared for tv from Lowestoft Parish Church.
John Salway Anglia Matins Aug 13th Southern Morning Chapel Oct 22nd ABC Nov 5th Southern Family Service Nov 26th Southern Jan 21st ABC Feb 4th ABC Feb 18th Centenary Thanksgiving Service Apr 21st Southern May 5th ABC June 9th ABC July 21st Regular worship continued on Sunday mornings, eventually starting at 10am, before the service was dropped altogether in keeping with the irreligious modernism of the age, and the new commercialism of ITV.
Here and Now A miscellany programme devised by Associated Rediffusion, interesting because some later in the series were made by Anglia and Southern Television. These regional productions are noted below.
Critics were general dismissive of the series. When it started, it received unfavourable comparison with BBC's popular Tonight programme. An interesting comparison was made with the offering on Fri Feb 9th with the rival Tonight: A straightforward OB presentation was interspersed with clips showing the activities of various breeds of dogs, and a few interviews Since many of the programmes were devised on a topical basis, TV Times often simply indicated that regular presenter Huw Thomas introduced "the fun, the excitement, the fascination of life around us.
The very first programme in its regular 6. Tues Nov 7th Reporter: Wed Nov 8th Reporter: Thurs Nov 9th Reporter also Huw Thomas. Fri Nov 10th Reporter: Mon Nov 13th Reporter: Tues Nov 14th Reporter: Wed Nov 15th Reporter: Thurs Nov 16th Director: Fri Nov 17th Director: Fri Feb 9th Reporter: Christopher Hodson Mon Feb 26th Reporter: Tues Feb 27th Reporter: Wed Feb 28th Director: Thur Mar 1st Director: Fri Mar 2nd Director: Mon Mar 12th Director: Don Gale Wed Mar 14th Reporter: Thur Mar 15th Reporter: Fri Mar 16th Reporter: Tues Mar 27th Reporter: Wed Mar 28th Reporter: Thur Mar 29th Reporter: Mon Apr 9th Introduced by Michael Ingrams.
Nan Winton and NevilleBarker. Tues Apr 10th Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Wed Apr 11th Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Thur Apr 12th Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Fri Apr 13th Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Mon Apr 30th Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Tues May 1st Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Wed May 2nd Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Thurs May 3rd Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Fri May 4th Introduced by Michael Ingrams. Huw Thomas, who had been ill in hospital, now returned to the series: Wed May 9th Director: Thur May 10th Reporter: Fri May 11th Introduced and directed by Michael Ingrams.
Wed May 16th Reporter: Thur May 17th Reporter: Fri May 18th Reporter: There was a three week break in the summer The programme returned on August 6th. Mon Aug 20th Director: Tues Aug 21st Reporter: Wed Aug 22nd Reporter: Thur Aug 23rd Reporter: Wed Sept 5th A London night club during the day.
Mon Dec 17th Reporter: A demonstration of "a new dance craze" Thur Dec 20th Director: Mon Jan 21st Reporters: Michael Nelson and Steve Race. Tues Jan 22nd Director: Thur Jan 24th Reporter: Mon Feb 4th Introduced by Dick Joice. Anglia Tues Feb 5th Reporter: Wed Feb 6th Director: Thur Feb 7th Reporter: Mon Feb 25th Introduced by Dick Joice.
Michael Ingrams returns as Producer. Anglia Tues Feb 26th Director: Wed Feb 27th Reporter: Thur Feb 28th Reporter: Mon Mar 4th Introduced by Dick Joice. Anglia Tues Mar 5th Reporter: Wed Mar 6th Reporter: Thur Mar 7th Reporter: Wed Mar 20th marked Southern's first contribution, hosted by John McGavin Wed Mar 27th interview with a Hampshire millionaire who wants to give away two and a half million pounds Southern. Directed by Anthony Searle. The plight of Essex oyster fishers.
Wellings interviewed people in Colchester to learn how the lack of trade had affected them. Shots of the bumper oyster harvest festival contrasted with the scene of dead rotting oysters. Anglia Tues Apr 30th Director: Wed May 1st introduced by Terence Carroll. Anglia Tues May 14th Reporter: Mon June 17th Introduced by Dick Joice. Anglia Tues June 18th Reporter: Wed June 19th introduced by Terence Carroll.
With 4 prefects in the common room of Bedales School Petersfield. Southern Thur June 20th Reporter: Mon July 22nd Reporter Anthony Brown. Tues July 23rd Reporter Michael Ingrams. Southern Thur July 25th Reporter: Mon Aug 5th introduced by Bob Wellings Director: Anglia Tues Aug 6th Director: Report from Cowes Wed Aug 7th Commentators: Barry Westwood and Bill Richardson.
Leading yachtsmen join Outside Broadcast cemeras on board Power Vessel 1. Southern Thur Aug 8th Reporter: Mon Aug 19th Director: Anglia Tues Aug 20th Director: A film about Fred Lexter of Abbotsbury. Southern Thur Aug 22nd Reporter: Mon Aug 26th Reporter: Anglia Tues Aug 27th Director: Wed Aug 28th The Gymkhana Director: Southern Thur Aug 29th Reporter: Wed Sept 4th Southampton University Students making jazz at night.
Southern Mon Sept 9th Director: Anglia Tues Sept 10th Director: With Peter Twiss, also aboard: Southern Thur Sept 12th Reporter: From now on, shown Mondays to Wednesdays, same time 6. Mon Sept 16th Introduced by Dick Joice. Anglia Tues Sept 17th Director: A film examining the change in hop picking methods. Anglia Tues Sept 24th Director: Introduced by Peter Williams.
Anglia Tues Oct 15th Director: Portrait of the Artist- Wed Oct 16th Director: Terence Carroll talks to Dusty Springfield. A visit to a sheepskin factory. Anglia Tues Dec 3rd Intervewer: Nuclear Power- Wed Dec 4th. A visit to Dungeness Nuclear Power Station. On board the Harwich to Hook of Holland steamer. Anglia Tues Dec 17th Intervewer: Commuters- Wed Dec 18th. On board a crowded commuter train. Visit to areas affected by the floods, to see what has been done to ensure the tragedy is not repeated.
Anglia Tues Jan 28th Intervewer: A Dog Match Wed Feb 12th. Southampton dog owners challenge owners in Hammersmith. A visit to a police training establishment for dogs in Chelmsford.
Anglia Tues Mar 3rd Reporter: The Sentence Begins Wed Mar 4th. Introduced by Terence Carroll. Men recently released from jail. Directed by Ron Downing. A training session for skaters in Yarmouth. Anglia Tues Apr 14th Reporter: A film fantasy about a teenage boy and girl. Directed by Harry Aldous. Visit to a bacon factory.
A Day at the Seaside Wed Apr 22nd. Southern The series ended in June before it could quite clock up editions. Scottish Television ran their own Here and Now regional programme, which had no connection with this Missing Menu. Set in Mississippi, 'there simply isn't any such thing as being protected by the law down here. Why, when those three boys were murdered here last summer, the governor of the state said it served them right' 2 Three to a Cell Aug 25th Director: Why would they cross us?
Why don't I tell them? Wthatever the informer's told them, they don't expect us to break out tonight. And that's what we're going to do Unwin Time That master inventor of Gobbledygook, Stanley Unwin made numerous tv appearances, but I think this was the only series of his very own.
Professor Unwin takes an Unwinese look at hobbies and sports. It was a five minute monologue made for ATV in , but only partially networked. The Producer was Donald Shingler. Some of the lectures were: Wrestling- Sunday April 24th This ran for five series from until Starting and continuing on BBC radio, the first tv series was in on the BBC pictured left , with a second beginning on May 31st For the final three series, production was in the hands of Associated Rediffusion right picture.
However Ronnie Hanbury took over from Bob Ross about 4. The director was John Phillips except where noted. Details of the ITV programmes: Ben suspects their old friend Jack has amorous inclinations towards Bebe.
When Richard decides that teenage girl friends are really far too juvenile for him, he falls overboard for a glamorous and sophisticated woman of the world. The family are called to a solicitor's office to hear something t their advantage.
All children between 9 and 90 believe in Santa Claus, and Bebe sets out to prove it to the family. Bebe sets off to the January sales. Ben decides to put his foot down once and for all. Bebe decides to run the family in an entirely new way.
Sept 19th , 6. A case of mistaken identity results in the arrival of an unexpected and unusual female figure. Bebe decides to become an artist with devastating effects on the family and the world of art. Bebe suspects Ben of mixing pleasure with business at the office. Ben thinks it is time Richard learned to box, and takes him along to a boxing academy.
But when the big fight comes, the results are not quite what the family expected. Bebe decides that men have things too much their own way. So she forms a woman's party to take over the government, with surprising results. The family are visited by Bebe's cowboy nephew from America.
He decides to help Ben celebrate his birthday. Bebe suspects Ben of having homicidal tendencies and enlists Florrie to help her do battle with the 'monster. Richard gets into troubles with his girl friends and accepts a little fatherly help and advice from Ben, with unexpected results.
Barbara invites three juvenile delinquents to lunch. Director for this episode: Bebe uses a domestic agency to get a handyman, but ends in a marriage bureau. Ben is volunteered for a hospital staff concert, but the hospital mistake him for a volunteer for a new research experiment. Bebe goes to the sales, getting mixed up with a gang of international spies. The family think Richard has fallen for a striptease dancer. It's Bebe's birthday and she is hoping for a lovely surprise, but she doesn't get quite the one she expects.
Ben's boss calls unexpectedly during his absence, and to save the situation, Richard disguises himself as his father. The family put on a play about the life of Nelson, with Ben as producer. Ben decides, in defiance of the family, to give an open air dinner.
The family go in for a spot of haunting, but things do not turn out quite as they planned. Under Fire "The North fires a salvo at London. The programme began in the Autumn schedules, the first I have noted: Thursday October 25th , Robin Day Thursday Dec 27th , Same directors After a break from early in , the series returned on April 6th , director: Friday May 17th , Friday Dec 27th , Last of series on May 5th It returned on May 26th , then in the summer for a brief spell on Mondays Michael Scott and Wilfred Fielding.
Photo shows Bill Grundy egging on the Manchester audience. It was back periodically in autumn Mondays Claude Whatham and Wilfred Fielding, this last series finishing in Spring Young Northerners ask questions to well known personalities.
Gordon Sandison of Equity supported the motion, "new recruits into the profession should be told of all the difficulties. First programme was on Wed Feb 20th Leonard Sachs was a later chairman, on May 1st The last of this series was on Thursday June 20th After a brief break the series returned next month on Thursdays 6. In September it moved to Thursday then Tuesdays at 6pm. Michael Scott continued as the director. Elaine Grand became the regular chairman from October From Wed Feb 19th it was shown 6.
Some special programmes that were advertised: Thurs Sept 13th with Lord Beveridge. Should sport be compulsory in schools? Tues Jan 28th with Billy Butlin. Tues Feb 11th "This week the tables are turned, and the older generation have the chance to question four undergraduates. March 12th with Sir Ronald Howe: How to Fight Crime. April 23rd with Sir Compton Mackenzie. The title changed to We Want An Answer. However the emphasis was still on "young people with inquiring minds meet experts.
Photo shows a rehearsal in which Pat Johns stood in for the questioner. May 14th with Rabbi Kopul Rosen. May 21st with Sir Hugh Casson. May 28th with Carl Foreman.
June 25th with Dame Edith Sitwell. In the summer schedules the series moved to Fridays Autumn saw it move to Thursdays 6. Dec 4th with Peter Hall.
Dec 18th with Stephen Potter. Director in March was Graham Evans. Wilfred Fielding and Claude Whatham in April. In the summer Malcolm Muggeridge took over the chair until the series ended that August. Some others who appeared, dates not known: Sir Norman Birkett and Chris Brasher. In a very similar style of programme was Who Goes Next? Said Cyril Coke, producer, "why these two ever got divorced is something of a mystery. Jango is always on the point of asking her to remarry him, but somehow never gets round to it.
He almost bumbles by accident into crimes, but is exceptionally adept at solving them. Crimes he solves include: Murder Stamp was a play in the Television Playhouse series, that introduced these characters, and it was deemed worth building this series round them.
In the original play, Jango was a Professor of Criminology at Nairobi University, interested in unsolved crimes- yes, this was the original New Tricks! Everything points to Stanley Fletcher, but there is no real proof. After six years, it seems highly unlikely the truth will ever be discovered. Geoffrey Bellman and John Whitney. Peter Ling and Sheilah Ward. Rest of cast, many from Chez Les Dupre series: Mess Mates Series 1 began on June 28th and ran for 13 episodes.
After nearly a year's break, it returned for a second series on September 12th The last story was on March 13th Ronald Hines joined the second series as the new first mate 'Dapper' Drake.
The blarney introducing the programme stated: Led by the mate, that arch-schemer Tug Nelson, they spend as much time trying to outwit their skipper as they do holding the ship together.
Biskett has to cope with the problem of the disappearing ship's bell. Talbot Rothwell and Lew Schwarz. Biskett has a new command, almost a new crew, and certainly a new mate. His troubles are over, or are they? To cash in on the gambling craze, Dapper Drake persuades the crew that there is a big future in fruit machines. Unhappily the payoff is not exactly what they expected. Dapper Drake finds the tables are turned when he tries to smuggle an old pal aboard for a free trip to Ireland. Dapper Drake, offered the job of his dreams, finds it very difficult to keep the appointment.
With Vincent Harding as Doctor. Croaker has tummy ache and demands the full treatment. Captain Biskett decides to operate- with disastrous results. When Twinkle tries to find himself a wife, he nearly succeeds in marrying off the whole crew. The TV Times front cover showed a photo of the series this week. Croaker Jones is petrified, and this feeling is catching. No Michael Balfour or Frank Atkinson The crew, faced with a forced indefinite leave and unable for private reasons to go home, volunteer to spend their time in an experimental isolation unit.
With Margaret Boyd as Mrs Biskett. A typical British seaman from the Jersey Lily is chosen to appear on television, and the rest of the crew try to make him into a big star 15 The Christmas Spirit Dec 19th No Michael Balfour or Frank Atkinson. Captain Biskett and the boys decide to take Christmas to the Croaker family, but when they arrive, laden with gifts and goodwill, everything is not plain sailing.
The crew of the Jersey Lily finds themselves carrying a strange cargo. Jan 2nd , 7. An abandoned baby turns all members of the crew into soft-hearted nursemaids. David Cumming and Derek Collyer.
No Michael Balfour or Frank Atkinson who had left the series. The boys are broke again. How can the boys get it? The crew go on a monster hunt, and what a monstrosity it turns out to be. Croaker, Dapper Dan and the skipper suddenly rtake a topst turvy view of the world and discover things aren't what they seem. All the nice girls lve a sailor- unless it's Croaker! When the captain has a birthday, things are liable to go with a bang!
Does Captain Biskett walk in his sleep? Or is it two other people? In an attempt to stop smoking, Croaker never gives up. Captain Biskett writes a letter and ends up in a sorry state. On Stage A-R, A late evening show, not networked. But the show was introduced by Robert MacDermot. Jonathan Alwyn also worked on the series. This first programme was hosted by Ludovic Kennedy. The programme on July 31st included scenes from the play Oh!
Details of some later programmes: Tuesday February 4th , 11pm: May 20th edition included Gerard Heinz. Local repertory companies featured included those at Ipswich, Hornchurch, and Oxford. The programme's appeal was widened in June when it was renamed Late London.
With music by the Steve Race Four. June 24th introduced by Jacqueline Mackenzie. On July 1st it was renamed Late Extra: Introduced by Jacqueline Mackenzie and Michael Westmore. France joins war against the British. Papers nine and ten: Expansion westward added the following States to the original Florida was bought from Spain in Between and , the following States became part of the Union: First nations site has detailed history of how these issues related to the Iroquois.
See Laura Sullivan's "Timeline: Solitary Confinement in U. The dates she uses are - - - - - s - - - -. Wikipedia - Dorothea Dix - Convention of Women - Later renamed Welfare Island. Now Roosevelt Island See timeline. Oregon Mental Health History. Flora and Fauna Northwest is an album of photographs of animals and plants around Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington, compiled by a teacher and students at Gresham High School.
External link to biography. See Illinois on asylums project. Worcester Women's History project. Uncle Tom had his cabin: John Stuart Mill "Uncle Tom's Cabin had a very decided effect on the question of slavery of the negro race": During the Civil War, Jacob Mendez Da Costa was a doctor at the Military Hospital in Philadelphia, where he made may of the observations on which he based a paper on "irritable heart" sometimes called soldier's heart in This disorder was brought on by extreme fear.
Arthur Bowen Richards Myers was the first to describe it in in On the etiology and prevalence of diseases of the heart among soldiers , published in London by J. The syndrome was later named Da Costa's syndrome. Hyams, Stephen Wignall and Robert Roswell. Anna Meyer - Father: Rudolf Meyer - Spouse: Married Mary Potter Brooks Meyer One daughter, Julia Lathrop Meyer born Mary Lincoln was committed under this Act.
He used Herbert Spencer's Sociology as his text. Defended radical laissez- faire as being justified by laws of evolution". See traumatic event - suicide attempt Chicago University department of Sociology started in Much of Lewis Coser's American Trends chapter is about the history of this department.
Coser says that for "roughly twenty years, from the first world war to the mids, the history of sociology in America can largely be written as the history of the Department of Sociology of the University of Chicago". Thomas , followed by Robert Park as the key figures.
Several significant institutions were absorbed by the state: Gowanda State Hospital opened in , bringing the number of state hospitals to The list of monographs in was: Outlines of Psychiatry 7th Edition.
Studies in Paranoia by Drs. The Psychology of Dementia Praecox by Dr. Selected Papers on Hysteria and other Psychoneuroses 3d Edition. Mental Mechanisms by Dr William A. History of Prison Psychoses by Drs P. General Paresis by Professor E. Dreams and Myths by Dr Karl Abraham Poliomyelitis by Dr I. Freud's Theories of the Neuroses by Dr E. The Theory of Psychoanalysis by Dr. Vagotonia 3rd Edition by Drs Eppinger and Hess. The Dream Problem by Dr. Vegetative Neurology by Dr H.
Emile Durkheim lectured on Pragmatisme et sociologie See Dewey. New term in United States vocabulary traced back to Hunter's five races are the same as Blumenbach in Hunter's textbook was the one used in Tennessee in See Blondie Boopadoop History of Education website stresses the international stature of John Dewey during the s.
Joseph Stalin on American Efficiency. Dates not clear, but development of concept of National Income and much later National Product.
One of the Great Inventions of the 20th Century. Making the atomic bomb chronology at atomicarchive. But there were other people there then, who get left out when the story is told. And other kinds of work done too. These were forbidden imports and the first I had ever seen". At some time, Talcott Parsons - Edward A. Shils - Gordon W. Allport - Clyde Kluckman - Henry A. Murray, junior - Robert R.
Sears - Richard C. Sheldon - Samuel A. Stouffer - and Edward C. Totalitarianism - external link. Erving Goffman developed his approach to symbolic interactionism in field studies in the Shetland Islands , leading to The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life What Americans thought was deviant in Interview and focus group data gathered by Carolina Seibel Chassot interviews and Angela Sweeney was analysed in terms of grounded theory.
The Evangelical Understanding of the Holocaust. See notes on Judith Butler. See Working Like Crazy. Laguna Honda Replacement Programme In disabled residents went to court claiming they had a right to community care, not institutional care archive. But Geoffrey Reaume moved to York University. Published in Asylum September The sediments that became the rocks of the Dakota Group were eroded from Precambrian rocks to the north and east and from Paleozoic rocks to the south.
They were deposited in the channels and on the banks of streams that flowed into the lagoons, swamps, estuaries and beaches of an ancient inland sea. This sea, at its greatest extension, reached from the Gulf of Mexico to the Arctic Ocean; it covered most of central to western Nebraska and Kansas during the mid-Cretaceous.
This enormous version of the Gulf of Mexico was also the home of the Loch Ness monster-like sea reptiles plesiosaurs whose bones are the Central Plains substitute for dinosaurs. Spanish explorers arrived in See - - - - - - The English called it a Sloth. This animal figures in the mythology of some native South Americans as an ancestor of the human species, or as an animal a human is changed into as punishment.
In the Amazon, the native name for the two toed sloth was Unau, hence Bradypus Unau. The British colony developed a sugar , plantation economy using slaves brought in from Africa. They arrived in Boston Bay, Massachusetts in In the last half of the century it was a veritable hive of Quakerism. Quakers wishing to reach any part of the American colony sailed most frequently for Barbados, then reshipped to their definite locality.
Quakers generally spent weeks or months in Barbados propagating their doctrines there and in surrounding islands before proceeding to their final destinations. Its worshippers include descendants of the first Trueblood settlers. The Viceroyalty of New Granada Spanish: Virreinato de la Nueva Granada was the name given on The territory corresponding to Panama was incorporated later in In June he is said to have tried the suggested experiment of attaching a metal key to a kite and flying it in a thunderstorm to see if it picked up an electrical charge.
Issue related to his founding fire insurance and fixing lightning conductors. Franklin commissioned [this] likeness in It shows a bewigged middle-aged gentleman, slightly fleshy but vigorous, with a firm mouth and a direct gaze. Wilson conveys a strong personality through the forceful structure of the head, especially in the modeling of the nose and eyes.
It is an even-tempered, alert, unpretentious, and commanding presence. The rebel 13 are only a small part of the present USA. On this Victorian map, the original thirteen are: Presidency of George Washington to Washington was inaugorated as the first President of the United States on Pacifying native Americans The new United States of America extended its borders and fought to establish a monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force in its territory.
Native americans, who were tribal rather than territorial, resisted. They were not finally defeated until After independence, groups of euro-americans moved west. They were protected from Indian tribes by the United States army. The Indians were defeated in the Battle of Fallen Timbers in Shawnee chief Tecumseh tried to forge a grand alliance of tribes west of the mountains, but was defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in He was killed in battle in Native americans in the south were defeated at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend present-day Alabama in In the s the USA Government developed a policy of moving native american tribes away from the east to territories west of the Mississippi River.
Medical Inquiries and Observations upon the Diseases of the Mind , by Benjamin Rush , Professor of medicine in the University of Pennsylvania and physician to the Pennsylvania Hospital , included details of his Tranquilliser , an picture of which is very well known:.
Friend's Asylum, Philadelphia opened. Claimed to be the first private mental health hospital in the United States. Built on a acre farm. The Quakers wrote out their philosophy in a mission statement for the hospital: The independence of New Granada from Spain was won in , but by "Gran Colombia" had collapsed with the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador.
Auburn "In the 's New York and Pennsylvania began a movement that soon spread through the Northeast, and then over the next decades to many midwestern states. New York devised the Auburn or congregate system of penitentiary organisation, establishing it first at the Auburn state prison between and , and then in at the Ossining institution similarly known as Sing-Sing" Rothman, D. Inmates slept in segregated cells but moved into workshops during the day and even outside the prison walls to work in tightly disciplined gangs, eating together in a common mess hall.
In order to maintain order among this large company of men, the Auburn officials made liberal use of the whip and enforced a policy of absolute silence among the convicts. Architecturally, it was a powerful fortress of stone, gloomy and massive like a medieval castle, but inside a new idea of prison discipline was being developed: The whole arrangement bore the stamp of Quaker theology, for the stated purpose of this solitary treatment was to give the inmate a chance to come to terms with his inner self and gain a more religious outlook for the future" Erikson, K.
Massachusetts reorganised its state prison at Charleston in ; that same year, Maryland erected a penitentiary, and one year later New Jersey followed suit. Ohio and Michigan built penitentiaries in the s, and so did Indiana, Wisconsin and Minnesota in the s.
The Indian Removal Act gave the President authority to designate specific lands for the Indians native Americans. But, in the territory was cut down when Kansas and Nebraska territories were created. White settlers continued to invade the West and half the remaining Indian Territory West Oklahoma was opened to whites in Gill's Geography map has "Indian Territory" shown east of "Oklahoma".
Blackwell's Island Asylum on Asylum's Projects. It was designed as a copy of Hanwell. It was the largest mental hospital in the United States during its time. As New York City's pauper asylum, it was overcrowded from the start, and completely overwhelmed by the Irish famine immigration. The asylum, run by the City's Almshouse Commission, was never adequately funded, and was mired in political infighting from inception.
The new Ward's Island Asylum opened in The asylum was closed in Part of the building survives and is now called the Octagon. A founder of the Hertford Retreat, Connecticut. Superintendent of the Pennsylvania Hospital from to Creator of the Kirkbride model of an asylum which was used throughout the United States.
External link to biography Isaac Ray Superintendent of the State Hospital at Augusta, Maine. Organiser of a private hospital: Superintendent of the Western Lunatic Asylum of Virginia.
First superintendent of the Williamsburg Asylum. Superintendent after Butler of the Boston Lunatic Asylum. It was founded in Nichols the first medical superintendent, collaborated with Dorothea Dix "to establish a model institution in the capital city". A reluctance of the soldiers to write home stating that they were recuperating at the Government Hospital for the Insane gave rise to the use of the name St.
Elizabeths, the historic name of the old royal land grant of which the campus was a part. Thereafter, the institution was informally referred to as St. Elizabeths for decades until the name was formally changed by Congress in See Chicago timeline It was the first asylum in Washington Territory. The future of the old stone asylum, closed since as a residence for persons with mental disabilities, is uncertain. She had been born in Savannah on July 17, " Dain p. See - - - - - - - - - - death - - - See - - - - Now we are engaged in a great civil war , testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.
We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground.
The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us-that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion-that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain-that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom-and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
She illustrated her difficulties with Mr. Packard, by the difficulties between the North and the South. She said the South was wrong, and was waging war for two wicked purposes: But that the North, having right on their side, would prevail.
Packard was opposing her, to overthrow free thought in woman ; that the despotism of man may prevail over the wife ; but that she had right and truth on her side, and that she would prevail. During this conversation I did not fully conclude that she was insane" Dr J. Packard , alleged to be insane, having heard the evidence However, during the trial the Reverend Packard had sold their house in Illinois and left for Massachusetts with her money, notes, wardrobe and young children.
See - - - - - - - - - died 7. The arrangement continued until July , when Nebraska had to move six of its incurable patients into the Pawnee county jail until the asylum at Lincoln was completed Judi Chamberlin says "The ex-patients movement began approximately in , but we can trace its history back to many earlier former patients, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, who wrote stories of their mental hospital experiences and who attempted to change laws and public policies concerning the "insane.
She also founded the Anti-Insane Asylum Society, which apparently never became a viable organization Dain, Similarly, in Massachusetts at about the same time, Elizabeth Stone, also committed her husband, tried to rally public opinion to the cause of stopping the unjust incarceration of the "insane.
Since it has become self-evident from the facts before the public, authenticated by the Illinois Legislative Committee, that our present system of treating the Insane, is a gross violation of the principles of Christianity, and of mental pathology, and therefore, can not receive the sanction of the enlightened and conscientious ; and knowing that it takes a long time to revolutionize such popular institutions, sustained by State's power; we can not submit to pass off the stage of action, without leaving our protest against them.
Therefore, while the present system exists, we, the undersigned, do hereby pledge ourselves, 1st. That we will never consent to be entered into such Institutions as patients. We will never consent to have any relative or friend of ours, entered as a patient. If we, or our relatives or friends, should become insane, they shall be taken care of by their friends, in their own homes.
This fund for the protection of the unfortunate, shall be bestowed by a committee of this Society, as their judgment shall dictate, after having thoroughly investigated the whole case. I Andrew would note both that it is not an association of ex-patients that was being proposed and that an informal association of women patients had already formed to create the book.
Now Western State Hospital, Washington. The second state hospital was opened in The picture below shows Western State Hospital in the s, at about the time that the film star Frances Farmer became a patient. Her autobiography Will there really be a morning? Ward's Island Asylum on Asylum's Projects. Lewis Henry Morgan , Ancient society, or, researches in the lines of human progress from savagery, through barbarism to civilisation Chicago: Under the provisions of the act approved March 3, , amended by the act approved April 20, , a census of the population, wealth, and industry of the United States is to be taken on, or of the date, June 1, The period of enumeration is by law limited to the month of June, and in cities having 10, inhabitants and over, according to the census of , is still further limited to the first two weeks of June.
Beers aged 52, born New York: Beers aged 14 and Samuel R. Beers aged 11, born Georgia - Sons William C. Beers aged 7 - Clifford Beers aged 4 and Carl E. Beers, aged 0, born Connecticut.
Household also included Sister-in-laws Mary L. Cooke aged 27 and Clifford H. Cooke Female aged 24 and Brother-in-law Nathaniel M. Presidency of James A. Garfield Republican Presidency of Chester A. Arthur Republican to A Kodak Camera advertisement appeared in the first issue of The Photographic Herald and Amateur Sportsman , November, with the slogan "You press the button, we do the rest". Celluloid film on sale in the autumn of Succeded by James H.
Tufts, and subsequently George Herbert Mead. The "Chicago School of Thought" sought to furnish a reformulation of the basic commitments of pragmatism on a strict logical basis. It has continued bimonthly since. At this time, Chicago and Bordeaux were two of the main centres generating "sociology". Presidency of William McKinley Republican to See Dictionary of Canadian Biography. So called progressive era in USA politics from to Or s to s - Reclamation of arid land - Enforcement of anti-trust laws: Roosevelt sued 45 companies under the Sherman Act.
Taft sued 75 - Establishing federal regulations for the meat-packing and drug industries. Henry Ford 's Model T automobile. External link - See assembly line. The book's preface was signed August I have just returned from a two months' trip through England, Germany and France, where I made a careful study of the progress being made in aeronautics. We will soon be able to deliver models to '95 Sheff, and members wishing a ride may correspond with, yours truly.
It was produced from late to , and during and , the Wright Company was shipping four Model Bs a month out the factory door. Jane Addams, Chicago Edwin A. Angell, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Pearce Bailey, New York Dr. Barrett, Ann Arbor, Mich. Frank Billings, Chicago Surg. Rupert Blue, Washington Dr. George Blumer, New Haven Dr. Alder Blumer, Providence Russell H. Chittenden, New Haven Dr.
Coley, New York Dr. Owen Copp, Philadelphia Dr. Dana, New York Dr. Favill, Chicago Katherine S. Hadley, New Haven Henry L. August Hoch, New York Mrs. If anyone recalls Ted Hann, I would like to get in touch. Kevin Hann Add to this record. He served at Arborfield Barracks Bordon, Hampshire in the trade of armourer. He obtained his Lance Corporal stripe whilst there. Dad was very proud of him and his progress.
But the next time he came home on leave to Omagh Barracks he was without his stripe. As soon as my Dad noticed his jacket without the stripe hanging on the kitchen door hook, he asked Peter what happened for him to have lost his stripe. Without waiting for an answer, my Dad had Peter incarcerated in the Guardroom for the rest of his leave until it was time for Peter to return to Bordon.
Peter was enroute for the 8th Army, when his ship was diverted to Cape Town where it was revittled, before proceeding to Bombay, India, he was involved in amphibious landing training at Karaqwasla Lake in Maharashtra State, before going in to Burma.
Does anyone remember my brother and this period of his service? He sent home some pictures taken in Rangoon after it was liberated from the Japanese. He also had a picture of him with an Australian type hat with the right hand brim turned up vertically. Meagher Add to this record. He did his officer training at Clifton College and I have photographs of him with his platoon on the back of which is stamped '29th Station Transport Company'.
He served in North Africa, Italy and Germany - and I think he was at Belsen at some time as it was clearly a scarring memory. I know little about his wartime service and would love to know more. Does anyone recall him? David Tucker Add to this record. He never talked about his time there and now has sadly passed away. As his eldest son I am very interested in piecing together what happened between Dunkirk and Stalag , and who may have known him during his time there.
My father had a serious stomach wound which I believe was a result of a bayonet wounding around the time of the liberation of the camp. I hope this incident and his name may ring a few bells with someone. Keith Cheese Add to this record. Following this he served with 7th Armoured Divn. After the war he was promoted to Staff Sgt.
He was wounded and badly burned when a tanker he was driving was hit by shell in Ghent and blew up. He was attached to 21st Army group.
Any info would be appreciated. Terry Redpath Add to this record. I took all these details from an envelope of a letter posted to Joseph in June If anyone knew him and can tell me anything about his time in Stalag , I would love to hear it.
Jane Colclough Add to this record. He didn't tell my Dad much about his service other than he was captured in Crete in , after crashing off a cliff in the ambulance he was driving and was then held in Stalag VIIIB. He told my brother that Douglas Bader was there when he arrived. Does anyone have any information or photos they could share? Apparently he used to have a group photo of the butchers holding up joints of meat but I'm not sure what happened to it. I am waiting on his service records but they have advised a month wait.
He doesn't show up on a search of the POW records on Ancestry not sure if there is any particular reason for this?
Suzy Slight Add to this record. He recounts his journeys, work and leisure activities throughout and , and mentions the names of many colleagues. He has also left many photographs. My dear wife greeted me with a kiss, and then gave me a letter, on the top was "O. Travel warrant is enclosed. It was very hard and I was scared stiff for I thought I might not be coming back. I went to the station and caught the train.
Two more lads got in the same camage as I did and they were both going to Warwick to join the R. He took us outside the station onto the road. There were about twelve of us and he told us to get into threes. He then marched us up to the barracks. What a Shambles it was: We could see people laughing at us.
We reached Budbrook Barracks and were taken into a barrack room. After about 15 minutes a Sgt. I am Sgt Harvey and I am going to train you for the next month.
You do as I tell you and we will get on well together. Don't let me down! The next day we were told we had to go and see the doctor and have the needle for TB. Monday moming came and at 7. We had porridge, sausage, bacon, one slice of bread and a mug of tea. One month went by and it had been very hard foot slogging and rifle drill. On the Monday morning we were told to parade on the parade ground to be ready for the Passing-out Parade.
We came out of that very well. Our Sgt was very pleased with us. After dinner, Maurice Hides, also from Sheffield, and I went for a walk into Warwick for a pint or two of beer. The next morning we had to parade in our own section. Ours was 'B' section. The captain told us that some were to draw winter kit and others summer kit for the Far East. We were the ones who had to draw summer kit I then had a 48hr pass to go home.
How nice it was to see my wife, Ivy and the kiddies. How good it was to have some good food, and not have an officer come round and ask if there were any complaints. My 48hrs went very quickly, I had to say my good-byes over again and catch the train back to Warwick. After our month's training we left Warwick and went down to Tidworth in Wiltshire. It is a base supply depot. It is also a garrison town for married soldiers, officers and military police.
We had to salute an officer every time we passed one or we would be put on a charge. The next day we were taken to the bakery to meet the C. He said 'You are now going to show me how you can mix dough. He then said, 'Right! Put your salt and water in and get mixing. It wasn't too bad for me as I had mixed by hand in Civvy Street. Some of the lads had only mixed by machine and they found it very hard.
Mr Brown came looking at us. When he came up to me he said, 'Right, Pte Dukes, that's good. Let me see you mould a cob. Some of the lads were about a week before they passed.
Our time was then spent in doing work in the bakehouse. After about a month we were split up into field bakeries. I was put in the 31st Field Bakery. I knew then that I was going to be moved.
The next day we got into Army lorries and we were on our way to Bourn in Cambridgeshire. This turned to be a very nice little country village. The bakery was in the grounds of Bourn Hall. We were split into four sections. I was in No. We were taken to our billet, a nice little cottage. We had to sleep on the floor. The only lights were candles and there was no fire, only one paraffin stove. We had three mobile ovens and each one had two decks and was coke fired. We worked in a large Nissan hut, which had three troughs on each side and a large table in the middle.
Three of us would mix two doughs of 20 stones each, by hand. When it was ready it would be cut out, put onto the table, weighed into 2lb pieces, moulded into cobs and put six on a tray to rise. When it had risen the oven man would put it into the oven. Week one we would do night work. Week two, we stacked the flour after delivery, cleaned the camp and did guard duty. Week three was day work in the bakery. At night, Tich Hides, Freddie Hamer and I would go down to the canteen for a game of bingo or table-tennis.
We would have a cup of tea and an apple pie for 3d three old pence. Sometimes, we would go to the pub for a pint or two. Sometimes on a Saturday, Fred and I would get a day pass and go into Cambridge. One Saturday a Red Cap stopped us and asked for our passes. We gave them to him and he asked where we were from. When we told him that was the 31st Field Bakery at Bourn, he said, 'Its you who makes that rotten bread!
One day our Sgt came to the cottage and told us we had to move out as an officer was moving in. We were put in a farmhouse with a stone floor and no windows. The smell was terrible and the farmer had about pigs.
One day, two of the lads got hold of a piglet, tied its feet together and put it into a soldier's bed. He gave such a yell when he got into bed in the dark. Two of the lads used to do little jobs for the farmer and we used to see them going to the post office with big parcels. We found out that it was lumps of pork they were sending home.
The farmer did not know. The 83rd Field Mobile Bakery. I'm on the 2nd row up 4th from the right. We are on the move again, and this time into Monmouthshire. We are at a small village called Bedews, right at that top of a high hill in Rupera Castle.
The lad in the next bed is called Len Andrews. We had nothing to do one day so we went for a walk into Caerphilly, which is about a mile away. It is very boring here in Rupera Castle just doing guard duty and waiting to be put into Field Bakeries. The day came when we were told that we are going to be made into the 83rd Field Mobile Bakery. Yesterday, we were called out to meet our new Captain Bidwell and the C. Today we are off on the road to Louth in Lincolnshire.
When we got there we stopped outside a school which had been taken over as a billet for us. Inside there were four rooms. One small room for the Sgt's Mess, a large room for our mess and two other rooms, each with six double bunk beds. Len and I took over our bed and I told him that he was on top as he was younger than I was. It was two days before the machinery came. This consisted of 3 double deck ovens, one 20 stone mixer, one dough divider and six troughs.
All of them are on trailers. They were taken up the road into a field. We had to put up the tents and a big marquee ready to start work the next day.
The orders went up after tea to tell our starting times, Len and I were down to start at 8. LICpl Brown and four other lads came in at Len and I feed the dough into the divider and it comes out in 2lb pieces.
It is then moulded and goes down a chute to two lads below who put six onto a tray and then put them on a rack. He has a lad to help him. When it is baked it is taken into a tent ready to be loaded onto trucks to be distributed to other units, including the RAF at Manby. When we are finished dough mixing we go back to the billet and wake up the 4. We are baking about 30,lbs of bread a day Last night, Len and I were on guard duty at the bakery from 6.
I went across to one of the cottages and asked the little old lady if she would boil some water for us to make a cup of tea.
She asked me in while it was boiling. I only had a bucket because we got water from the tank in which we boiled the water for the dough. She lent me a teapot and asked me to bring it back in the morning. I was off this morning so I took the teapot back and thanked the lady. She invited me in for a cup of coffee and a bun. I went in and sat down by the fire and stayed for about an hour. When I said that I had better go and write a letter home she said that any time I wanted to write in comfort I could go to her house.
I will take her up on that! She is about 80yrs old and her name is Mrs Elizabeth Baker - the very same name as my Mother's maiden name. I did meet her daughter who was about 60yrs old.
When we are not baking we have odd jobs to do around the bakery or we do rifle drill. Our section Sgt is Bill Kennedy. He is OK as he doesn't bother us much.
Occasionally, one of the Sgts gets a dance together at Louth Town Hall. He usually asks Len and me to take the money at the door.
Some of our lads get in free! There are lads From other units and from the RAF. We get our beer money out of it. A few mornings ago, Capt. Mason told us that he had been given orders for us to go into a field and build a jungle bakery just in case we get sent to the Far East. We went up to the field and fixed up some camouflage netting. The Cpl fitter cut an oil drum down the middle to make two mixing troughs. He then laid two drums on their sides so that we could use them for ovens.
One of the lads made the scales out of wood and I made the knife out of the fin of a small bomb. I bound one end with string and sharpened the other.
We had to make the yeast ourselves by boiling potatoes with the skins on and putting in a bottle of stout and leaving it overnight to ferment. Two lads made the dough and two of us lit the fires in the ovens. When the dough was ready it was taken out, put onto the table, cut into 2lb pieces and mould into cobs. When they had risen we raked the burnt wood out of the oven and put the bread on top of the ashes in the ovens.
The drum lid was sealed on with clay for about an hour. Mason came and said it was very good. Since then we call him Jungle Jim. Dad and his life long pal Len Andrews. Yesterday afternoon, we were back in our own bakery and I was on my knees washing the trailer floor after we had finished baking when Sgt Stratton came to me.
He said, "Go and get changed. The Captain wants to see you in his office. He marched me in and I stood to attention in front of Capt.
I was worried at first as to how the lads would take it but they seem to have taken it in good part and we are getting on all right. I had to get the lads up for breakfast. After that I would march them up to the bake house to do odd jobs. I had to go to Louth Post Office and collect any mail for our unit. I then had to take it to the office, the billet and the bakehouse.
I had to return to the billet to make sure that the lads I had left there had cleaned it up ready for inspection by the Orderly Officer or the Staff Sgt. Nothing to do then until after tea when I would book out the lads who were going out. I then dispatched the lads on guard to the bakehouse and I could then enjoy myself playing cards or table tennis. I had to stay up and book the lads in. They had to be in by hrs or they were put on a charge. I booked them in myself because I knew that they would not let me down.
The only problem was if the Orderly Officer came round. On Thursday morning I got the lads outside the billet and marched them down to the baths for a shower. Twenty lads under six showers all at once. What a shout went up if anyone dropped his soap! The swimming baths were in the open air and I sometimes went for a swim. The water was just like spring - very cold. Not many of the lads could swim. I taught Len to swim. He picked it up quickly.
At hrs it was pay parade. It went like this: Name called, march into the office, stand to attention, salute the Capt. One day Len borrowed a bike. Mason's bike was outside the billet and as I thought that he was away for the day I borrowed it.
We had a nice ride to Grimsby about 20 miles away. When we got back one of the Cpls. Mason was asking for you as he wanted his bike. When I saw him, he said, "Are you sure you have finished with it? We had some good times at Louth.
There was a Cpl in our room called Alan Wright who worked in the office. At night, after lights out, he would lie reading his Bible by candlelight. Many a time we would spit on the candlewick and he would spend ages trying to light it.
One night, I woke up and thought I could hear rain on the windows. When I had turned my head I could see that it was the lad in the bunk at the end of the room. He had been out on the booze and was having a pee in the wellies of his bunkmate above. We were wondering what to do when one of the lads suggested the well at the back of the billet.
We thought that was a good idea. Snakey Phillips went and fetched the handcart on which we carried our rations. We put the 20 stones of dough on it and, at four o'clock in the morning four of the lads pushed it away and dropped the dough down the well. They covered it with rubbish to hide it. Two days later one of the lads went round to have a look and he said that it was nearly at the top of the well. One night, Cpl Bill Petty and I were on night shift at the bakery.
At about hrs we had our break and went into the store tent where the bread is kept ready to be sent to other units. I got down onto one of the racks for a sleep. It was a very bad thing to do because when I woke up I felt really ill with the steam from the bread. The next morning I had to report sick and I finished up in the hospital at Louth for a week. He managed to get a job in the office for a while and I only saw him at nights. He used to get to know all the news from the office.
One night he told me that a Cpl was going to be posted to another unit. Since my name was the first on the list, I would be the one to go. The next morning I reported sick. I said that I had boil on my scrotum and that I could not walk with it. I was not posted because I was sick.
In a couple of days it was better! I was sent to Leeds on a swimming course. Mason said it would be a good thing if I could come back and teach the lads to swim.
When I got there I reported to a big house with twelve other Cpls. We were told to settle down until Monday morning. On Monday morning we were marched to the swimming baths. Once inside we were told to undress and stand on the side of the bath in the nude. The Staff Sgt came and told us to dive in and swim to the other end of the pool. I think this was to make sure that we could swim all right.
Buster Crabbe was a good Staff Sgt but very tough. One day he made us swim fifteen lengths in full battle dress and with kit. We were told not to touch the bottom with our feet. Another day, Staff Sgt Crabbe took us to the river in Leeds. It was snowing when he told us to strip off and wrap all our clothes into our ground sheet and gas cape so that they would float.
When we had done that we had to get into the water and swim across with our rifles slung round our necks. It was bitter cold and it was a good thing that we were wearing our swimming costumes.
One day we had to get to the top diving board, twenty feet high, and then swing on a rope across the bath. Half way over we had to leave go and catch onto a net. Some just fell in. I managed to grab the net. After two weeks of this hard training, the course finished on Friday night.
The Staff Sgt told us that we could leave on Saturday morning and call home if we wished, as we were not due back to our unit until Sunday night. I caught a train to Sheffield and surprised my wife, Ivy when I walked into the house.
I spent the day with her and my three children, Jack, Christine, and Brian after they had searched my kit bag to see if there was any chocolate. How nice it was to have some good food cooked well. Sunday morning and the trip back to Louth came all too quickly.
It was a good-bye kiss for my wife and kiddies. It is hard to hold the tears when I leave them. He said 'What have you come back for? You could have stayed a couple of days, no-one would have known. Mason told us one day on parade that he had been talking to one of the officers of F. Bakery that they were due to go to France.
They did not want to go and wondered if we would like to volunteer to go in their place. All but four of us agreed to the swap. One afternoon Len had gone out and I was Orderly Cpl. I thought that I would take a chance and go out myself. I caught a train to Grimsby and went to see my Uncle Harry Dukes. We went to the pub and had just had a couple of pints when the air raid sirens went.
I thought, "Here I am 20 miles from where I should be on Fire Duty and my train does not leave until ten o'clock. If the Orderly Oficer goes to the billet I am in real trouble. I agreed to take it back at the weekend and set off to pedal like mad for Louth. I was about five miles away when the all clear sounded. The next morning I found out that I would not be able to take the bike back. Len and I were down on Orders to go south with the advance party.
We had to pack all our kit and be ready to move the next morning. We went to the station at ten o'clock in the morning and caught a train, wondering where we were going. We anived in London and got onto a tube train. We could not see out of the windows as they were blacked out. When the train stopped, a lorry had backed right up so that we could get straight on to it. We set off and still we did not know where we were going.
We pulled up in a small town and had a boring time because there was nothing to do but wait for the rest of our unit. We could not go out or even write letters home. When the other lads came, the Capt. This meant that we were going to France. Two days later, 26 July , we were told to get ready to move out. We went under cover by lorry to the docks at Newhaven. We were all lined up ready to board and load the troop carrying ship with tanks, lorries, ammo and food. We were told that our ovens and trailers would be coming on another ship.
Very soon we were on the deck watching England going away from us. I wonder when we shall see you again. France - 24th September This is the first time that I have really had the chance to write about my family in France, 47 days after D-Day.
The Day that will go down in history as the beginning of the Liberation of France from the grasp of those inhuman Fiends, the Nazis, who, if they had got across the channel to England would have crushed it like an egg in a vice.
There was the time when the British Amy made a retreat from Dunkirk and they cold bloodedly bombed our boys on the beaches.
We swore we would return that fight and so we did. After four years waiting we made a beach landing in Normandy. I think it was the first time the channel had been as calm for months so it was a very nice crossing and I slept most of the night. I was expecting to hear enemy planes up above us but we never saw a plane or heard any guns. In fact, it was just like peacetime. Well, we landed on the 27th July at a French town called Aramanches and we had to stay there until we got the information on where we had to go.
We waited in a field until 10 o'clock at night and, believe me, we were all dead tired. We had not had a proper meal since we left the transit camp in England and what food we did have was out of our hour ration boxes with which each man was issued.
It consisted of four bars of chocolate, sweets, compo tea, biscuits and oatmeal blocks. I myself did not think we could manage on it, but we did and were very glad to have it with us. It was nearly 10 o'clock and everyone was looking out for the lorries that were coming to take us to our unknown destination. We saw a cloud of dust coming along the road and then made out four troop carrying lorries and we were happy when they pulled up along side of us. We all climbed up into the lonies and were soon on the road.
I could see in the grim faces of the other men that they were thinking of the ones they loved across the channel. I could not speak to any of them for I wanted to sit and think of my dear wife and kiddies that I had left behind. Well, we had been on the road for about half an hour and it was still glum in the lorry and my eyes were nearly filling up with tears.
I could see that the other lads were the same so I thought it was time everyone cheered up. I turned to my mate Len Andrews and said to him, 'What about having a sing-song? It was not long before we pulled up at a small town called Bayeux. Every one of us was as black as coal for we had not had a wash or a shave since we had left England. After we had had something to eat we thought it was about time we made a place to sleep. It was nearly dark when we had finished so we just got into bed as we were -in our battle dress.
We had only been in the bed for about an hour when Jerry came over and started to drop his eggs. If anyone could have seen us scramble out of our bivvy, they would have laughed their stocking tops off, I must admit I was a bit scared at first, but I soon got over it. I know that I should have a lot like that to go through during my time in France. It lasted for about an hour and we decided to get back into bed. We found that in our mad scramble the bivvy had fallen down so we just had to get under the best way we could and trust to luck that it would not rain.
We were called up at about 9 o'clock in the morning and we made one dash for our breakfast. It consisted of 'Slingers' biscuits and margarine with only half a cup of tea. We stayed in Bayeux for about a week doing nothing but go for a walk or go to sleep. We then moved to a place called Luc-sur-Mer.
At some point in their exploration of Brazil, the Portuguese encountered an animal they called bicho-preguiça (lazy animal or animal sloth). (Portugese Wikipedia).The French called it Paresseux and the Spanish Perezosos or Pereza (lazy). The English called it a Sloth. Did You See Una? (early ) was one Scottish Television series produced by the talented Francis Essex. It starred Una McLean (already seen on STV in Over to Una) as a woman of the Walter Mitty type, who dreams of different lives she'd like to lead, though in fact she runs a small hotel. 43rd Anti-Aircraft Brigade Company, Royal Army Service Corps served with 43rd Anti-Aircraft Brigade. They were deployed to defend the industry of Teesside from the outbreak of war until July when they were redeployed as part of Operation Diver, the Brigade joining 2nd Anti-Aircraft Group to defend the South East against V1 flying bombs.